Sunday, November 16, 2008

Differentiations in English Pronunciation

Vowel Differentiations:
  • not nor no
    [ɒ ɔɹ oʊ] (AmE)
    [ɔ oː əʊ] (BrE)
    on all own
    turn on/off
    oh, all gone!

  • farther fat father
    [ɑɹ æ ɑ] (AmE)
    [ɑː æ ɑː] (BrE)
    cats on the bath
    have a bad bath
    not that wandering wonder
    [ɒ æ ɑ ʌ]
    not a nut
    it's gone but done
    son of the Sun

  • and end aid
    [æ ɛ eɪ]
    sadly shedding a bad bed
    have a heavy-weighted head
    plain plan air plane1
    well whale1
    change the length2
    merry Mary's married many times
    [ɛ ɛə æ ɛ -]
    many ones have varied anyway

  • behind the city scenes
    [ɪ ə ɪi i] (AmE)
    [ɪ ə ɪi iː] (BrE)
    [ɪ(ə)] be-, -less
    sitting seat
    bitches on the beach
    Sheep On a Ship

  • awful good food
    [ə ʊ u] (AmE)
    [ə ʊ uː] (BrE)
    you should shoot it
    put foods on a foot
    I have a hooting hood
    a good flood
    [ə ʊ ʌ]
    puzzle pussy cat
    purely poor suit suite
    [jʊɹ ʊɹ u wi] (AmE)
    [jʊə ʊə ju wiː] (BrE)

Consonant Differentiations:
  • The S family
    she saw seashores
    [ʃ s sʃz]
    design, assign, issue, dessert, desert
    boxes, packs, maps, hats, fogs, bags, cabs, heads
    washing machine
    surely a pleasant pleasure
    [ʃ z ʒ]
    action, collection, vision, collision
    special, seizable, visual, seizure
    beige page (= white page + yellow page/2)
    [ʒ dʒ]
    massage of message

  • The T family
    tickling thick stick
    [tʰ θ t]
    bat both balls
    the dude
    [ð d]
    dig that duct

  • The PH family
    ban span pan fan van
    [b p pʰ f v]
    of off
    [v f]
    What's Watt
    [ʍ w]

English, the weirdo!
  • "Reversed" pronunciations
    pause / pound
    [pʰɔːz / pʰnd]
    warm / worm
    [wɔɹm / wəɹm]
    sew / new
    [soʊ / njuː]

  • "Irregular" NG
    singer longer / finger anger
    [sɪŋəɹ lɔŋəɹ / fɪŋgəɹ æŋgəɹ]
    longing / longest / longitude / longevity
    [ˈlɔŋɪŋ / ˈlɔŋɪst,ˈlɔŋgɪst / ˈlɔŋgɪtjuːd,ˈlɔnətuːd / lɔnˈevətɪ]
    increase include / synchronize uncle
    [ɪnˈkɹiːs ɪnˈkluːd / ˈsɪŋkɹənaɪz ˈʌŋkəl]

  • The "Stress"
    áddress/addréss(n), ádult/adúlt, téchnic/techníque(n), ...

___________
1 When /eɪ/ is followed by [l,m,n], it is lowered to [ɛɪ], or even to [ɛː] (esp. in American accents), like in mail, main, name, etc.
no gel in the jail
sell the sale
painted pen
remaining men
the same-name templates
2 When /eɪ/ is followed by [ŋ], it is lowered further to be near [ɛ], like in change, strange, etc.

No comments: